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Foreign words, translated terms and Soviet acronyms
(From HOLODOMOR OF 1932-33 IN UKRAINE: Documents and Materials)


Agitmass: Agitation and Mass Campaigns Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (bolshevik)

AMSSR: Autonomous Moldovan Socialist Soviet Republic

APRF: Archive of the President of the Russian Federation

AUCP(b): All-Union Communist Party (bolshevik)



BSSR: Belarusian Socialist Soviet Republic



CC: Central Committee

CC CP(b)U: Central Committee of the Communist Party (bolshevik) of
Ukraine based in Kharkiv

CC AUCP(b): Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party
(bolshevik) based in Moscow

centner: 100 kilograms

Central Black Earth Oblast encompassed the modern-day Russian Federation oblasts of Voronezh, Lipetsk, Belgorod, Tambov, Orel and Kursk in the 1930s.

chekist: pertaining to the Cheka, the common name of the first Soviet secret police known as the "extraordinary commission" (iChrezvychain-aya Kommissiya)

collegium: a group of commissariat administrators

Commissar: Soviet minister

Commissariat: Soviet ministry

CP(b)U: Communist Party (bolshevik) of Ukraine

Crimean ASSR: Crimean Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic



DA: State Archive (Ukraine)

dekulakize: to purge Soviet society of kulaks and their influence (Ukrainian: rozkurkulennia, Russian: raskulachivanie)

Donbastorh: Donbas trade (torhivlya) network in the Don River basin region of eastern Ukraine

DVK: Far East Region of the Soviet Union (Dalnovostochniy Krai)



Eksportkhlib: Soviet state exporter of grain (khlib)



fonds: Soviet, Russian and Ukrainian archival record groups

funt: Russian imperial unit of weight equivalent to 0.41 kilograms or 0.9 pounds; there are 40 funts in a pood.



GARF: State Archive of the Russian Federation

glanders: an infectious disease carried by horses, mules and donkeys

GPU: State Political Administration, the acronym for the political police that succeeded the Cheka (Gosudarstvennoe politicheskoe upravlenie)

GPU TO: transport division of the GPU

GULAG: Main Camp Administration responsible for managing Soviet prison camps (Glavnoe Upravlenie Lagerei)



karbovantsi: units of currency (singular: karbovanets), Ukrainian for the Soviet ruble

khlib: grain, wheat, bread

KGB: Committee of State Security

kolhosp: collective farm (kolkhoz)

Komsomol: Communist Youth League

Komsomolets: member of the Komsomol

Kozak: Cossack

Kuban Rada: Council of Kozaks in the Kuban region of Russia

kulak: according to Soviet ideology, a wealthy farmer or landowner designated as "class enemy." The term was used derogatorily to designate anyone who resisted Soviet collectivization policies (kurkul in Ukrainian).



MTS: machine tractor stations



Narkom: Peoples' Commissar, government minister

Narkomat: Peoples' Commissariat, government ministry

Narkomsnab: Peoples' Commissariat for Provisions and External Trade

Narkomzem: Peoples' Commissariat for Agriculture

NKPS: Peoples' Commissariat for Railways



oblast: a territorial administrative unit equivalent to a province or state; in 1932-33, the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic was divided into six, later seven, oblasts.

OGPU: Unified State Political Administration, the acronym for the political police that succeeded the GPU (Obedinennoe gosudarstvennoe politicheskoe upravlenie).



petliurites: followers of Symon Petliura (1879-1926), who headed independent Ukraine's government in 1919. The term was used accusatorily for all those suspected of wanting independent Ukraine.

PO: political department of a Machine Tractor Station (politicheskiy otdel)

pood: unit of weight of the Russian Imperial measurement system equivalent to 16.38 kilograms (36.11 pounds)

Politburo: Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (bolshevik), the highest policy-making body at the all-Union and republican levels

PP: authorized representative

Pravda: official newspaper of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (bolshevik) whose name translates as "truth"

private farmer: individual farmer (peasant, villager) who maintained his own homestead (yedynoplichnyk in Russian, odno-osibnyk in Ukrainian)



raion: the smallest territorial administrative unit, equivalent to a county or district; Soviet Ukraine was divided into 360 raions

RGAE: Russian State Archive of the Economy

RGASPI: Russian State Archive of Socio-Political History

resettlers: people subject to resettlement (pereselentsi)

RKM: Worker-Peasant Militia

RNK: Council of Peoples' Commissars of the Ukrainian Socialist Soviet

Republic (Rada Narodnykh Komisariv)

RSI: Worker-Farmer Inspection teams subordinate to the Council of Peoples' Commissars



SBU: state security service of Ukraine (post-1991)

seredniatske: middle-class, average village

semi-kulaks: farmers of average means, middle-class peasants (seredniaky)

SNK: Council of Peoples' Commissars of the USSR (Soviet Narodnykh Komisarov)

sovietization: the process of adopting, voluntarily or by force, practices and beliefs sanctioned by Soviet government and ideology

Sovnarkom: Council of Peoples' Commissars, the equivalent of a Cabinet of Ministers

Socialist Revolutionaries: members of the Party of Socialist Revolutionaries of Russia, political rivals of the Bolsheviks (also known as "SRs" and "Esers" from the Russian Esery)

SPO: Secret Political Division (sekretno-politichiskoe otdel)

SSR: Socialist Soviet Republic stanytsia: kozak village

staroveri: old believers, that is Orthodox Church members who did not accept 17th century liturgical reforms



TO: transport division (transportniy otdel)

tonne: metric ton (1,000 kilograms)

Torgsin: All-Union Association for Trade (torgovlya) with Foreigners (s inostrantsyami). During the famine, Torgsin purchased precious metals and currency from the local population in exchange for grain.

TsDAHO Ukrayiny: Central State Archive of Civic Associations of Ukraine

TsDAVO Ukrayiny: Central State Archive of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government in Ukraine

TsKK: Central Oversight Commission of the CP{b)U



Ukrainian SSR: Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic

ukrainization: process of promoting Ukrainian language and culture

USSR: Union of Soviet Socialist Republics



Visti VUTsVK: newspaper of the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee

VUTsVK: All-Ukrainian Central Executive Committee



Western Oblast encompassed areas of modern-day Belarus and the Russian Federation including the Bryansk, Kaluzh, Smolensk and part of Tversk districts in the early 1930s.



Yuzhok GPU: the Southern District GPU division (yuzhniy okrug)



Zahotzerno: All-Union Association for Procurement of Agricultural Products


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