HOLODOMOR OF 1932-33 IN UKRAINE
DOCUMENTS AND MATERIALS
Compiled by Prof. Ruslan Pyrih
Translated by Stephen Bandera
Kyiv Mohyla Academy Publishing House
A comprehensive process of academic research of the Holodomor or Great Famine of 1932-33 has been underway in Ukraine for nearly two decades. In Soviet times this man-made famine was an absolutely taboo topic.
Ukraine's independence resulted in the revelation of previouslyclassified information that has helped society grasp the true scale of the tragedy that took millions of human lives in the course of two years.
The Holodomor is one of the primary areas of research being conducted by the Institute of History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. In the past few years, our academics have prepared several fundamental studies on the subject: The 1932-1933 Famine in Ukraine: Causes and effects (2003, 887 pp), The 1932-1933 Holodomor in Ukraine: Documents and materials (2007, 1125 pp) and scores of publications by historians Stanislav Kulchytsky, Vasyl Marochko and others.
A better understanding of the extremely complex issues surrounding the Holodomor has been enabled through the declassification and study of authentic first-hand sources, primarily from Communist Party and KGB archives. Dozens of documentary collections have been published that reveal the real reasons, events and consequences of what was the Ukrainian people's greatest catastrophe. Important work is still being done in compiling and publishing eyewitness testimonies of the horrors of the famine.
The declassification of Holodomor-related information has also resulted in the renewal of historical memory and academic discourse within Ukraine. This led to the realization in Ukrainian society that the Soviet regime was responsible for this man-made tragedy. On November 28, 2006, Ukraine's parliament adopted a law recognizing the Holodomor of 1932-33 as an act of genocide against the Llkrainianpeople.
Ukraine is committed to bringing the truth about the Holodomor to the world community. Many parliaments and governments around the world have already recognized the Holodomor as an act of genocide. But the major hurdle to these efforts remains the shortage of information among foreign audiences concerning the causes, nature and impact of the Holodomor in Ukraine.
Original archival documents from that era are the most reliable. and credible sources for understanding the Holodomor. In this publication, we offer readers English-language translations of some of the most revealing documents from 1932-33.
This collection has been compiled by Professor Ruslan Pyrih, a pioneer in Holodomor research. In 1990, he was part of a group of scholars who published the first book in Ukraine that documented the horrors of this engineered famine. In 2007, he compiled a collection of documents and materials that is the most comprehensive bibliography of sources on the Holodomor to date.
We sincerely hope the English-language publication of some of the original documents from the period of the Holodomor will contribute to international awareness of the causes and effects, true nature and perpetrators of this Ukrainian tragedy.
Academician Valeriy Smoliy
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Famine-Genocide Commemorative Committee
Ukrainian Canadian Congress
© November 2002